The transport of dangerous goods is subject to very stringent rules and regulations, particularly with regard to the transport of such goods by road.
The term ‘dangerous goods’ outlines a type of substance which, in the event of dispersal or mishandling, could be harmful to people and the environment itself.
In Europe, the transport of dangerous goods is regulated by the ADR, the Agreement for Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road, i.e. the European Agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by road nationally and internationally.
Transport of dangerous goods by road: specialisations and authorisations
The specialisations and authorisations for the transport of dangerous goods by road fall into four categories:
- Basic certificate: enables the transport in packages of dangerous goods of all classes, with the exception of radioactives and explosives, which can be transported with additional authorisations.
- Tank specialisation: entitles you to transport dangerous goods of all classes in tanks, with the exception of radioactive and explosives (which cannot be transported in tanks in any case).
- Explosives specialisation: entitles you to transport dangerous goods in packages of class 1, i.e. explosives.
- Radioactive specialisation: entitles you to transport Class 7 dangerous goods, i.e. radioactives.